The Supplementary Education Program named as ‘SANKALP’ is a collective of Jesuit Social Action initiatives in South-Asia to enable access to quality and inclusive education for the poorest sections of society. Besides promoting formal education, the Jesuits have also been enhancing the educational development of the socially excluded communities in remote and inaccessible areas over the last four decades through SANKALP.
SANKALP as a program is operated through Learning Enhancement Centres (LECs) spread across the sub-continent. SANKALP is a program from early childhood to post-schooling and sometimes linking to livelihood and employment opportunities. Currently, the program provides accompaniment to over 50,000 children and youth in their learning improvement and overall development.
3 Tier Learning Structure
Non-residential limited hours study program: for Pre-Nursery
These types of program are run through Child Resource Centres (CRCs), Balwadi-Marathi medium, Kilbil-Hindi-Marathi Medium and Nursery-English medium centres set up in small hamlets and slum areas of metros to cater to the needs and demands of the communities settled there (mostly migrants from Maharashtra, UP and Bihar) and also in Migrant-Refugee community who are primarily settled in dense inaccessible forest areas.
Each centre has about 30 children and one Instructor and the timings are different in different locations, generally for 3-hours. Balwadi is one of the major programs providing Door-Step education to the children in the age group of 3 to 6 years.
Non-residential limited hours study program: for learners of class 1-5
Several Hamlet/village level centres have been run for drop out children from marginalized communities throughout India. The children under this programme are given coaching in academic subjects through Village Schools, Supplementary Education Centres (SCEs), Human Resource Centres (HRCs), The Learning Enhancement Centres, Non-Formal Education (NFE) Centres. Children learn through group study, access to the library for reading materials, sports, and cultural activities, etc.
Short Duration Residential Training: For Learners of Class-6 to 8th
High Schools, Hostels, Youth Resource Centres (YRCs) and Grihini Schools have been set up throughout India with residential coaching facilities for both girls and boys from marginalized communities, wherein they participate in 15-days residential training of 3-times a year (total of 45-days) in which intense trainings are held. These classes are primarily focused to enhance the leadership skills and engage the students in activities which results in their personal growth and skill development.
- The SECs were undertaken by Jesuits to facilitate quality and inclusive education for the poor and vulnerable children. In the past three decades, more than 20,000 youth passed through the education centres, are making an immense contribution to the development of their communities.
- Children at Balwadis are able to build friendships and relate to other communities and castes which are clear signs of the new self and inclusion.
- Government Schools to which these children go for regular studies and with whom we share the SANKALP Model, have tried to become more inclusive in their approach.
- Each Institution under SANKALP program is a registered Association which has done pioneering work for the last three to four decades and are well known for their contribution to social development.
- Each Institution is well served by qualified, experienced and competent personnel.
The components of the ‘SANKALP’ LEC:
Curriculum and syllabus framework
- MLL (Minimum Level of Learning) framework is adopted for SECs in Patna Province.
- In other places, generally the Govt. School textbooks are followed.
- Largely in NFEs\SECs\Tuition Centres, a Targeted Approach is followed to meet the deficiency of the learners for better coping with the School system.
- In Andhra Pradesh, Children are helped to do the Home Work given by Schools and Coaching for Entrance Examinations to qualify for admission in Gurukul Schools.
- In Hazaribagh NFE program, Revision of chapters taught in Govt. Schools is a focus.
- In Patna, HRCs/CRCs above Cl-6 follow the NCERT Curriculum and Govt. Syllabus.
- Preparation for Examinations and Certification done by CBSE or State Boards.
Innovative Teaching Learning Material and pedagogy
- Chirag book was published by reading well researched learning material developed jointly by Govt. experts and READ Practitioners.
- Chirag- Hindi and Bhojpuri Bi-Lingual book helps to learn Hindi alphabets, songs, slogans, and Math.
- PRABHAT, another Jesuit organization published Khilte Phul (a bi-lingual book on Maithili and Hindi).
- Manthan published Gyan Deep, language primer.
- MPSM-CERRT has developed 60-educational charts to learn Marathi, English, Math, Science, Social Studies.
- Books, Primers, Teachers Hand Books, CDs and A-V Aids.
- Storybooks and Computer Teaching Aids.
Project Partners: READ Rural Education Action for Development (READ)
The genesis and existence of READ to be a part of the struggles of the marginalized people in their areas is directly associated with the Patna Jesuit Province in particular. This attempt to be part of the poor in their lives and struggles has come to be known as a social apostolate.